While most babies at birth do not require assistance breathing, neonatal resuscitation may be required in a small percentage of births. This may involve clearing the airways, providing oxygen, intubating with a tube to allow for ventilation , performing neonatal CPR, providing medication or any combination. The most common reasons for neonatal resuscitation involve premature delivery or a reduction in oxygen supply during labor and delivery.
Nitroglycerin is a type of drug that relaxes (dilates) blood vessels and increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart while reducing its workload. "Nitro" is used to treat acute chest pain (angina), in which case it is prescribed as quick-dissolving pills to be placed under the tongue when needed. When the blood vessels dilate, blood flow to the tissues increases. This can relieve chest pain.
Blood pressure is the force of pressure exerted against the walls of the arteries during contraction and relaxation phases of the beating heart. According to the American Heart Association, ideal blood pressure is less than 120/80.
The Norwood procedure is the reconstruction of the pulmonary artery to allow for adequate blood flow to the body in heart conditions in which there is only one ventricle.
A nurse practitioner is an advanced practice nurse with a master's degree in nursing. Nurse practitioners perform physical examinations, order medications and diagnostic procedures, educate healthcare staff and families, and provide continuity of care between inpatient and outpatient settings.
A healthy diet is one of the keys to reducing risk for heart disease and stroke. Heart-healthy nutrition includes fruits and vegetables, fish and fiber-rich whole grains and low levels of sodium, sugar-sweetened beverages, processed meats and saturated fat.