Blood pressure is the force of the blood against the walls of the arteries. It is measured by a ratio of two numbers:
- Systolic – registered during a heartbeat (when the heart muscle contracts)
- Diastolic – registered between heartbeats (when the heart rests and refills with blood)
- 120–139 / 80–89 is considered prehypertension
- 140/90 or higher is hypertension, or high blood pressure. This puts a person at a greater risk for heart attack, angina, stroke, kidney failure and peripheral artery disease.