myocardium


Myocardium is the muscular center layer of the heart between the outer layer (epicardium) and the inner layer (endocardium). The myocardium is responsible for the heart's pumping action and contracts to pump blood out of the heart and then relaxes as the heart refills with returning blood. The myocardium is the layer that has the largest oxygen needs and is most affected by decreased blood flow (ischemia).

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