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Cardiac Arrest in Children: Special Considerations
- Typically caused by respiratory failure, circulatory shock or both.
- Arrest caused by coronary artery disease is much rarer in children than in adults.
- Ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia accounts for 5 percent to 20 percent of out-of-hospital arrests and 10 percent of in-hospital arrests.
- Not as much is known about care for children but critical elements include managing temperature, glucose, blood pressure, ventilation and cardiac output.
- Survival is higher in hospitals with specialized pediatric staff.